X-ray transmission sorter RGS-1М
X-ray sorter RGS-1М is designed to enrich diamond material with grain size - 6 + 3mm in the diamond industry.
Principle of sorter operation is based on the difference in X-ray absorption by material with various atomic density.
The primary advantage of RGS-1М over modern X-ray luminescent sorters is the possibility to identify and recover diamonds from the material flow irrespective of their X-ray luminescence features (poor luminescent or not fluminescent).
The sorter includes a sorting machine (SM) and an automated control rack (ACR).
Material to be processed Dry, dust-free, classified (contents of main class 85% minimum)
Material grain size fraction –6 +3 mm.
Material supply and transportation system Grain-by-grain, 2-stream, one-stage type with supply vibrofeeder.
Optional installation of collectors (tanks) for concentrate and tailings.
Throughput 100 kg/h minimum (– 6 + 3 mm)
number of X-ray tubes 2
Two X-ray tubes operating on low and high energy, respectively.
mode of radiation Constant
anode voltage, anode current (60) kV max.; (50±10) mA
Detection: Detection module is intended to convert X-ray radiation to amplitude-number pulse patterns recorded by means of analog-to-digital converters of microprocessor-based control and detection controllers.
Ejection Pneumatic, with compressed air, by means of solenoid-operated pneumatic valves. 16-channel stopping mechanism (8 valves per each channel). Local ejection.
Recovery rate 98.5 % minimum
Yield per ejection (with maximum capacity) NA
Automation Checking of main systems prior to start of material supply and in the course of operation (material supply is stopped if fault is detected). Sensitivity control. Failure indication. Monitoring and control from the APCS of enrichment plant.
Electric power supply 1 phase; (220±22) V; (50±1) Hz
Power consumption 6 kVA max.
Flowrate of potable water to cool the tubes 4 l/min minimum
Average compressed air flowrate (0.4 MPa) 4 m³/min
Overall dimensions (L×W×H), mass:
SM 1880×750×1560 mm; 1000 kg
ACR 765×550×1410 mm; 180 kg
Ambient air temperature from + 10°С to + 35°С
Relative humidity (at ambient air temperature + 25°С) SM – to 100%
ACR – to 80%
Protection against X-rays Specially designed construction of the sorter totally protects against the X-ray. Each unit is being tested for safety. Process diagram